TYPE OF COFFEE

We have some how or rather been in contact with coffee itself, be it the ingredient, crop, bean, beverage (in whatever form it may be in) for ages or umpteenth counts within a brief period of time, but it seems that the knowledge we have about coffee is still superficial. Or to put it in another way, the areas to explore in coffee are so extensive and colossal that there still lie shrouds of mystery to be unveiled about coffee. But do not worry, here we are ready to share extensively with you on what we know about coffee. Let’s start with the type of coffee, branching further into country and beverage form – for a simple, clear and easy first acquaintance.

COFFEE TYPE BY COUNTRY CULTURE


Vietnam

1. VIETNAM – ROBUSTA

In Vietnam, people prefer the Robusta coffee bean with a strong taste. In fact, Vietnam can be said to be the native land of Robusta. Vietnam is among top coffee exporters in the world.


Indonesia

2. INDONESIA – ROBUSTA & ARABICA

Indonesia, which we frequently hear associated with interesting coffee types, produces 660,000,000 kg of coffee per year. Although quality and taste pale in comparison to Brazil and Colombia, it has an important place in global coffee production.


Brazil

3. BRAZIL – ARABICA

Brazil is one of the top coffee producing countries. In Brazil, 2,594,100 tons of coffee was produced in 2016. Among the reasons for the coffee grown in Brazil being so tasty are the wide production areas and the premium quality of the product. The coffee produced in Brazil is often preferred because it has low acidity.


India

4. INDIA – ARABICA & ROBUSTA

Arabica and Robusta coffee beans are grown abundantly in India. The much renowned coffee beans grown in the south region of the country are known for their soft taste and high levels of acidity.


Colombia

5. COLOMBIA – ARABICA

Colombia, which claims a fair share of coffee production with 810,000,000 kg per year, is just behind Brazil in terms of taste with its Arabica coffee bean. Among the delicious coffee types of Colombia are Extra and Supremo.


Ethiopia

6. ETHIOPIA – ARABICA

The coffee culture in Ethiopia dates back to the 800s A.D. Even historical findings show that the homeland of coffee is Ethiopia.


Uganda

7. UGANDA – ARABICA & ROBUSTA

Ugandan coffee resembles African coffee in terms of its aroma and wine-like acidity. Among the important types of coffee produced in Uganda is Bugishu.

COFFEE TYPE BY BEVERAGE


espresso

1. Espresso

Espresso originates from Italy. It became popular in 1950’s. Espresso is made from brewing beans of coffee, it’s particularly famous for its Italian diaspora. Espresso is probably the most popular type of coffee.

Ingredients:

  • Coffee powder
  • Granulated Sugar
  • Milk
  • Water

Mazagran

2. Mazagran

Mazagran is actually cold coffee that originated from Algeria. Mazagran is poured over ice and in some versions, rum is also added to the mix.

Ingredients:

  • Black Coffee
  • Lemon Juice
  • Sugar
  • Ice cubes

Interesting Facts:

  • Did you know mazagran can lessen the risks of cardiovascular diseases?
  • Mazagran has antioxidants which prevent memory loss.

Eiscaffee

3. Eiscaffee

This is actually cold coffee. It originated from Germany, where it was made by mixing coffee and ice cream together.

Ingredients:

  • Brewed coffee
  • Vanilla Ice cream
  • Whipped cream

Interesting Facts:

  • Did you know Eiskaffee is known to prevent dizziness and causes mental alertness?
  • Two cups of coffee a day can extend your life.
  • Caffeinated coffee is known to improve blood flow.

Macchiato

4. Macchiato (also known as a Piccolo Latte)

Macchiato is known to have originated in Italy. The word ‘macchiato’ means spotted, the name differentiated between espresso and coffee with a drop of milk.

Ingredients:

  • Espresso
  • Steamed milk

Interesting Facts:

  • Macchiato keeps your blood pressure in control.
  • A man named George Washington invented instant coffee in 1910.
  • In New York people drink 7 times more coffee than other cities of U.S.

Turkish Coffee

5. Turkish Coffee

As the name indicates, Turkish coffee originates from Turkey. It’s basically unfiltered coffee. It’s also called as ‘Bosnian coffee’,    Turkish coffee is a big part of their traditional wedding customs.

Turkish coffee is also used as fortune telling tool in their fortunre reading. Tasseography (or tasseomancy) is the academic term for Turkish coffee fortune reading – it is a practice for interpreting cup’s coffee grounds as well as those on the saucer. One of the methods of Tasseography is to swirl the cup and turn it upside down. In this way, the grounds will fall and consequently, they will leave some patterns on the surface of the cup.

Ingredients:

  • Coffee powder
  • Cardamom powder
  • Sugar
  • Water

Interesting Facts:

  • Turkish coffee is also used as fortune telling.
  • Turkish families use a Turkish coffee to judge the character of the groom by adding salt in coffee instead of sugar.

Irish Coffee

6. irish COFFEE

It’s basically a cocktail consisting of Irish whiskey, hot coffee, and sugar. The original recipe also has cream, which is not whipped but drinks made with whipped cream is also known as Irish coffee.

Ingredients:

  • Cold Brew Coffee
  • Irish Whiskey
  • Whipped cream

Interesting Facts:

  • People celebrate the National Irish Coffee Day on 25th of January.
  • Buena Vista café in San Fransisco was the first café who served Irish coffee in the U.S. This café also holds the Guinness book of the world record of 15 gallons of Irish coffee.
  • Coffee has more caffeine in it than energy drinks.

Frappe

7. Frappe

Frappe originated from Greece in the 19th century. Its Greek version was made in 1957. It’s very popular in cafés of Greece. Frappe is a French word and it means ‘to strike’ but in the case of Frappe, the drink means chilled.

Ingredients:

  • Coffee powder
  • Ice cubes
  • Sugar

Interesting Facts:

  • People celebrate the National Frappe Day on October 7th.
  • It is known that Frappe was invented by an accident by a Nestle’s employer.
  • Coffee is actually a form of fruit. Yes, coffee berries are edible fruit that contains coffee beans in it.

Flat White

8. Flat white

Both Australia and New Zealand claim that this particular type of coffee originated in their continent. Its base is espresso and Flat white coffee is similar to café au lait and latte.

Ingredients:

  • Espresso
  • Milk Foam

Interesting Facts:

  • It’s one of the milkiest coffees available.
  • The Flat White economy term was used to describe London’s internet, media, and creative business network.
  • Researchers have shown that coffee actually helps in reducing stress level.

Mocha

9. mocha

Its origin is Italy and it’s a drink based on espresso with hot milk and added chocolate. It’s also known as hot chocolate. In other variants, white chocolate or cocoa powder is also used.

Ingredients:

  • Espresso
  • Steamed Milk
  • Chocolate Syrup

Interesting Facts:

  • Did you know that there are more than 60 plants that contain coffee in them?
  • Did you know that the light roasts have more caffeine in them compared to dark roasts?
  • In a study that includes 130,000 people, those who drank 1-3 cups of coffee per day had 20% less chance of suffering from abnormal heart rhythms.

Affogato

10. affogato

It originated from Italy and it is a kind of dessert. A vanilla scoop topped with hot espresso and viola, you have an Affogato.

Ingredients:

  • Brew Coffee
  • Vanilla ice cream

Interesting Facts:

  • The world’s largest cup of coffee had 2010 gallons made by Gourmet Gift Baskets in Las Vegas on Oct, 2015.
  • A 20-person office drinks 62 cups per day.
  • Most Expensive coffee in the world is ‘Kopi Luwak’.

Café Au Lait

11. Café Au Lait

Café Au Lait’s place of origin is France. It is a mixture of coffee and hot milk. In other different variations, steamed milk or scalded milk is used.

In Spain, this identical drink is known as cafe con leche, while Germans call it milchkaffee. Vegans need not feel left out of this cafe au lait recipe.  For those who like to eat their coffee for dessert, don’t miss this café au lait creme brulée.

Ingredients:

  • Espresso
  • Steamed  OR
  • 1 part hot strong coffee (French roast)
  • 1 part steamed milk

Interesting Facts:

  • 4 cups of coffee daily reduce the chances of diabetes by 50 %.
  • 65% of coffee consumption takes place during breakfast hours.
  • Coffee is the 2nd most popular drink in the world after water.